Gujarat (Gujarati: ?????? Guj?r?t, - [?ud?(?)?at]( listen)) is the westernmost state in India. It is home to the Gujarati speaking people of India. The state encompasses major sites of the Indus Valley Civilization such as Lothal and Dholavira. Gujarat played an important role in the economic history of India throughout the history of India. It is home to major ports in India's ancient and modern history, leading it to become one of the main trade and commerce center of India. Lothal one of the world's first ports is located in Gujarat. Also Mahatma Gandhi, India's father of the nation was born in Gujarat and led the Indian Independence Movement against the British. Today, modern Gujarat has one of the fastest growing economies in India.
Origin: Modern-day Gujarat is derived from Gujjar (Gujjar R?shtra), which means Gujjar nation. The origins of the Gujjars are uncertain. The Gujjar clan appeared in northern India about the time of the Huna invasions of northern India. Some scholars, such as V. A. Smith, believed that the Gujjars were foreign immigrants, possibly a branch of Hephthalites ("White Huns"). The name of the tribe was Sanskritized to "Gurjara".